The original name of Martin Luther King, Jr. is Michael King, Jr. He was an American clergyman. and social rights activist. He led the civil rights movement in the United States from the mid-1950s until his death. He promoted nonviolent tactics, born in the 1920assive March on Washington, to achieve civil rights. This humanitarian leader was born in 1920 in Atlanta, Georgia. His father, Martin Luther King Sr., was a pastor of the Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta. His mother was a school teacher. He graduated from Morehouse at the age of 19, In 1951 he entered Boston University School of Theology to pursue his Ph.D. In 1954 Martin accepted a call to the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery. Alabama, to be its pastor. Then slavery was abolished in the USA, but some white people in the USA were still discriminating against the blacks. It shocked Martin Luther King greatly. He raised his voice strongly against the humiliation of the blacks. He traveled throughout the United States of America and abroad, lecturing and meeting civil and religious leaders. He became the leader of black Americans. He led the Montgomery Bus Boycott and ended racial segregation on all Montgomery public buses. His nonviolent protests in Birmingham, Alabama, attracted national attention following television news coverage of the brutal police response. His famous “I Have a Dream” speech delivered in the March on Washington established him as one of the greatest orators in American history. In the final years of his life. King expanded his focus to include poverty and speak against the Vietnam War. On April 4, 1968, Martin Luther King was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee. His death was followed by riots in many U.S. cities. Martin Luther King Jr. was a man with a vision of creating an equal world. The people throughout the world remember this great leader with the utmost respect.